Enable Alexandria to become self-reliant in flood resilience

AFMA strategy

To create awareness about flood resilience and to sustain adaptive behaviour among Alexandrians AFMA will train


200 staff members at professional and academic level for Anticipatory Flood Management;

500 (mostly female) water ambassadors;

and via train- the- trainer approaches, supported by e-learning:

Over 1 million citizens,

400.000 vulnerable people,

100.000 local professionals and businesses,

500 students/researchers (academic level).

AFMA adopts a multi-pronged strategy to make Alexandria self-reliant in flood resilience. AFMA aims at reducing both the probability and impact of flood risk in a sustainable manner.

What is the AFMA strategy?

  • Creating an information system based on rainfall forecasting
  • Assess mitigation action based on rainfall and flood forecast
  • Construction and operation of early waring hardware and infrastructure
  • Building capacities at various levels
    • Academic level – primary, secondary, tertiary levels
    • Government level – legislative and executive
    • Societal level


Key outcomes and outputs of AFMA

  1. Assessment of flood risk in Alexandria and local flood risk mapping: From no flood risk information towards 90% flood risk mapping accuracy compared with state-of-the-art.


    • Capacity build with Egyptian partners for flood (modelling) prediction and preparedness.
    • Flood model in operation for generation of flood risk maps
    • Comprehensive flood study of the Alexandria Region
  2. Outcome: 25% Flood probability reduction during rainfall which 10% heavier than in the October 2015 Flood.


    • Establishment of Flood Management Unit (Staff, Equipment) at HCWW
    • Integrated Anticipatory Flood Management programme comprising:
      • in the flood zone: (vertical) evacuation of people, protecting critical infrastructure and buildings using perimeter and building aperture technologies (demountable barriers, temporary flood gates, door guards, etc.), removing valuable assets (e.g. cars), cleaning drainage system
      • outside the flood zone: smart rainwater harvesting/storage technologies (household/building and neighborhood level), cleaning drainage system
      • in the peri-urban zone: enhance storage capacity wetlands/lakes (lowering water levels using pumps, improve irrigation/drainage infrastructure).
  3. (A) Increased flood resilience in Alexandria through the implementation of an Early Warning System (EWS) for dealing with ‘extreme rainfall events’ emergencies, in advance of their occurrence; and
    (B) Increased self-reliance for urban poor in Alexandria in flood scenarios.


    • Realisation of Early Warning System (the Delft-FEWS-system)
    • Participatory Flood Resilience Plan, with focus on vertical evacuation
    • Awareness creation on flood risk realized among community, incl. the development of an E-learning platform
    • Integrated Water Management Plan for Alexandria finalized and incorporated in relevant policy documents
    • Curriculum development on Flood Management at Alexandria University
  4. Sustainable Anticipatory Flood Management System leading to 25% reduction of flood probability and 80% reduction of flood impacts in Alexandria and serving as a catalyst for upscaling.


    • Assessment report of the FIETS sustainability of the AFMA System
    • Identification of 15 areas for potential upscaling of the AFMA system and upscaling commenced at 5 other cities.